Yom Kippur Plea: Show Compassion, Pardon Pollard
October 9, 1997 - Irving Greenberg - New Jersey Jewish News
On Yom Kippur, Jewish tradition teaches, God ascends the seat of rahamim -
We are sometimes forgiven for a sin that cannot be undone. Not because we
deserve absolution, but because we have suffered enough - or maybe because
the world needs a periodic moral cleansing. Through the mystery and
blessing of mercy, we are forgiven and given a chance to start anew.
This Yom Kippur, it is time to extend that mercy to Jonathan Pollard.
When the Pollard case initially broke, I was not one of those who expressed
sympathy for him. I feared that his behavior had undermined a great
American Jewish political achievement.
By the 1970s, many American Jews had become convinced that during the Shoa,
American Jewish leadership had been intimidated politically. Driven by a
desire to be accepted fully in the United States, they failed to exert
sufficient pressure to rescue European Jewry. This led to a colossal moral
failure - abandoning the victims.
To avoid repeating that error, we pushed for an aggressive American Jewish
political agenda in support of an embattled Israel. We argued that Jews
must not suppress our emotional bonds and our natural loyalties to Jews abroad.
Instead, Jews could make an important contribution by upholding their moral
concerns and loyalties as a factor in setting foreign policy. The political
force of multiple loyalties would enrich American democracy and make its
policies more moral and humanly responsible.
In the 1970s and 1980s, a new breed of American Jews emerged in government
who shared these values and expressed them in public service. They were
proud Jews, secure enough not to lean over backwards and suppress Jewish concerns
to prove they were kosher.
The partnership between Jewish activists and the American government, when
applied to Soviet Jewry, saved a Jewish community in danger; within two
decades, this policy helped to undermine a totalitarian empire and make the
world more democratic and humane.
Increasingly and in unprecedented ways, American support sustained Israel,
too; this advanced both democracy and American interests worldwide. For
this very reason, I was shocked by Pollard's actions - and by the Israeli role
as well. This case threatened to erode the priceless mutual trust that was the
bedrock of American Jewish activism and its partnership with other
I was stung and saddened when leading Jews in Washington lamented that
after Pollard's actions, doors were closing and access to inner governmental
circles was being denied to Jews.
It is not that I did not appreciate Pollard's desire to protect the Jewish
state. How could I not be grateful that Pollard was outraged when Israel
was not being briefed on developments that could threaten its security?
But Pollard's good intentions had paved the way to political hell.
Once he concluded that Israel was in mortal danger and that his superiors
would not correct the situation, he had two honorable choices: He could
have made a public scandal that would have put a spotlight on the danger to
Israel and trusted public opinion and the political process to correct the
Or, he could have resigned and moved to Israel to work in its defense.
By staying and working as a spy, he and his handlers gave credence to the
worst anti-Semitic paranoia and threatened the remarkable democratic
breakthroughs and policy achievements of recent decades.
For this reason, Pollard's supporters' initial attempt to portray him as a
hero turned me off. They unwittingly compounded the damage done to the
precious fabric of partnership at the highest levels of government.
However, 12 years have passed since his trial; even then I was struck
immediately by the severity of his sentence.
While I did not protest, I watched later developments with cumulative pain:
Pollard's harsh, sometimes inhumane, incarceration; Israel's extremely poor
handling of the case of his handlers and its repeated abandonment of
responsibility for him; the deterioration of Pollard's family
the repeated errors or political misjudgments and/or limited capacity of
his support networks; the relentless parade of parallel cases in which far more
damaging and dangerous spies received milder sentences.
Six months ago, at the request of Rabbi Avi Weiss, Pollard's rabbi, I took
a call from Pollard.
Then, and in several conversations since, I have come to see the extent of
his suffering, his recognition of the error of his ways, his isolation and
that his life is ruined. I have also come to see that despite my worst
fears, the American Jewish-non-Jewish political symbiosis has held.
Finally, I have come to the conclusion that enough is enough.
This is my Yom Kippur plea to President Bill Clinton and to American Jewry
alike. Have mercy. For God's sake, let us act with compassion to end the
The Talmud says that whoever prays for the needs of his fellow human beings
will himself be helped. Has none of us ever committed an act for which we
need a termination of suffering?
Has none of us ever been stained in a way that will not go away, but for
which we want forgiveness? Then let the president ascend the seat of
compassion and extend the pardon.
Let us assure him that most American Jews and people of good will
everywhere will put aside the arguments and excuses and will thank him for the release
and blessing of mercy.
Biographical Note: Rabbi Irving (Yitz) Greenberg, president emeritus of
CLAL - The National Jewish Center for Learning and Leadership, is the
author of The Jewish Way (Summit Books).
The Pollard response to this article
Pollard, American Jews and Dual Loyalty by Rabbi Avi Weiss